Physical Review Fluids

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Recent articles in Physical Review Fluids
Updated: 2 days 20 hours ago

Experimental test of the crossover between the inertial and the dissipative range in a turbulent swirling flow

Fri, 02/09/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Paul Debue, Denis Kuzzay, Ewe-Wei Saw, François Daviaud, Bérengère Dubrulle, Léonie Canet, Vincent Rossetto, and Nicolás Wschebor

A crossover from a Kolmogorov decay of two decades in the inertial range to a stretched exponential in the dissipative range is unveiled in the experimental spatial energy spectrum of a turbulent swirling flow, as recently predicted based on nonperturbative renormalization group theory.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024602] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Marangoni-flow-induced partial coalescence of a droplet on a liquid/air interface

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Kai Sun, Peng Zhang, Zhizhao Che, and Tianyou Wang

Numerical simulations show that the coalescence of a droplet on a liquid-air interface of lower surface tension manifests the nonmonotonic phenomena of emergence, disappearance, and re-emergence of “partial coalescence” with increasing surface-tension difference.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 023602] Published Thu Feb 08, 2018

Direct numerical simulation of a compressible boundary-layer flow past an isolated three-dimensional hump in a high-speed subsonic regime

Thu, 02/08/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): D. De Grazia, D. Moxey, S. J. Sherwin, M. A. Kravtsova, and A. I. Ruban

The boundary-layer separation produced by a small hump in a high-speed subsonic regime typical of civil aviation is studied. Different heights of the hump are considered, with the larger resulting in a fully nonlinear regime and the formation of a pair of streamwise counterrotating vortices.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024101] Published Thu Feb 08, 2018

Viscous entrainment on hairy surfaces

Wed, 02/07/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Alice Nasto, P.-T. Brun, and A. E. Hosoi

Inspired by nectar-drinking bats, an experimental and theoretical study investigates viscous entrainment in hairy textures. The trapped liquid is modeled using a Darcy-Brinkmann-like approach and the drainage flow solution is derived. The results reveal an optimal hair density to maximize fluid uptake.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024002] Published Wed Feb 07, 2018

Gravity-driven, dry granular flows over a loose bed in stationary and homogeneous conditions

Mon, 02/05/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Sabrina Meninno, Aronne Armanini, and Michele Larcher

Vertical and transversal structures clearly change as interparticle interactions become more collisional. Bottom and lateral confinement prove to be decisive for friction and energy dissipation as experimental evidence shows.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024301] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018

Influence of outer medium viscosity on the motion of rolling droplets down an incline

Fri, 02/02/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Muhammad Rizwanur Rahman and Prashant R. Waghmare

When droplets roll down inclines, their velocities are affected by their characteristic size. Larger droplets will travel faster unless they’re too big. Droplets larger than a “critical” size travel more slowly. An investigation shows that this critical size is determined by the viscosity of the surrounding medium.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 023601] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018

Experimental study of the flow in the wake of a stationary sphere immersed in a turbulent boundary layer

Fri, 02/02/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): René van Hout, Jerke Eisma, Gerrit E. Elsinga, and Jerry Westerweel

3D flow measurements in the wake of a sphere positioned close to the wall in a turbulent boundary layer indicate that the wake deflects away from the wall as a result of induced motion of preferentially aligned, shed “hairpin” vortices. This is increasingly so with decreasing sphere-wall gap.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024601] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018

Publisher's Note: Turbulence intermittency in a multiple-time-scale Navier-Stokes-based reduced model [Phys. Rev. Fluids <b>2</b>, 072601(R) (2017)]

Fri, 02/02/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Perry L. Johnson and Charles Meneveau

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 029901] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018

Instability and dynamics of volatile thin films

Thu, 02/01/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Hangjie Ji and Thomas P. Witelski

Volatile viscous fluids on partially-wetting solid substrates can exhibit interesting dynamics and interfacial instabilities. A study of vapor condensation and fluid evaporation in a one-sided lubrication model incorporating surface tension, intermolecular effects, and evaporative fluxes is presented.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024001] Published Thu Feb 01, 2018

Editorial: The 2017 François Naftali Frenkiel Award for Fluid Mechanics

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): John Kim and Gary Leal

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 010003] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Two-dimensional dynamics of elasto-inertial turbulence and its role in polymer drag reduction

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): S. Sid, V. E. Terrapon, and Y. Dubief

Direct numerical simulations of a FENE-P fluid in both two- and three-dimensional straight periodic channels find that elasto-inertial turbulence is fundementally two-dimensional. The spurious effect of artificial diffusion of the polymer is demonstrated.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 011301(R)] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Extended localized structures and the onset of turbulence in channel flow

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): J. J. Tao, Bruno Eckhardt, and X. M. Xiong

Numerical simulations of plane-Poiseuille flow find a state of sparse but persistent oblique turbulent bands in a Reynolds number range between about 660 and 800, which is below the anticipated directed percolation transition.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 011902(R)] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Promenading pairs of walking droplets: Dynamics and stability

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Juncal Arbelaiz, Anand U. Oza, and John W. M. Bush

An integrated experimental and theoretical investigation of the promenade mode, a bound state formed by a pair of droplets walking side by side on the surface of a vibrating fluid bath, highlights the role of bouncing phase adaptation in stabilizing the promenade mode.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 013604] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Evolution of passive scalar statistics in a spatially developing turbulence

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): I. Paul, G. Papadakis, and J. C. Vassilicos

Passive scalar fine-scale structure is studied numerically for heated grid-element scalar turbulence. Scalar variance decays earlier in space than turbulent kinetic energy (both with dissipation). A −5/3 slope in the scalar-variance spectrum is found beyond the Kolmogorov-Obukhov-Corrsin theory.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 014612] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Publisher's Note: Deflection and trapping of a counter-rotating vortex pair by a flat plate [Phys. Rev. Fluids <b>2</b>, 124702 (2017)]

Wed, 01/31/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Monika Nitsche

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 019902] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018

Flow speed has little impact on propulsive characteristics of oscillating foils

Tue, 01/30/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): T. Van Buren, D. Floryan, N. Wei, and A. J. Smits

Experiments show that swimming speed has little impact on the forces or wake produced by a fishlike propulsor. Both continuous and intermittent swimming styles are explored. The results indicate that there may be no need to mimic a free-swimming (self-propelled) condition in laboratory studies.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 013103] Published Tue Jan 30, 2018

Competitive dynamics of two erosion patterns around a cylinder

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): F. Lachaussée, Y. Bertho, C. Morize, A. Sauret, and P. Gondret

Two different patterns of erosion are observed in steady flow past a vertical cylinder emerging from a granular bed: a large hole at the base of the cylinder or two side-by-side elongated holes in the wake of the cylinder.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 012302(R)] Published Mon Jan 29, 2018

Numerical evidence of logarithmic regions in channel flow at $\mathrm{R}{\mathrm{e}}_{τ}=8000$

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Yoshinobu Yamamoto and Yoshiyuki Tsuji

Direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flows up to Reτ=8000 find logarithmic variations both in the mean velocity and streamwise turbulent variance, although these logarithmic regions do not agree with each other.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 012602(R)] Published Mon Jan 29, 2018

Underwater oblique shock wave reflection

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Ritwik Ghoshal and Nilanjan Mitra

Domains of regular and irregular reflection for underwater oblique shock waves have been identified theoretically. We compare the Tait and Mie-Grüneisen equations of state in their ability to demonstrate physics of shock wave reflection and find implications for designing blast mitigation devices.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 013403] Published Mon Jan 29, 2018

High-frequency forcing to mitigate unsteady separation from a bursting separation bubble

Mon, 01/29/2018 - 10:00

Author(s): Stuart I. Benton and Miguel R. Visbal

Very-low-amplitude, high-frequency forcing is used to manipulate the laminar separation bubble on a NACA 0012 airfoil pitching at a constant rate. Properly tuning the forcing frequency to track the changing Kelvin-Helmholtz instability results in significant delay of the onset of dynamic stall.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 013907] Published Mon Jan 29, 2018