Physical Review Fluids

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Recent articles in Physical Review Fluids
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Multiscale analysis of the invariants of the velocity gradient tensor in isotropic turbulence

Wed, 04/11/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Mohammad Danish and Charles Meneveau

A detailed study on the scale dependence of various quantities of interest, such as the population fraction of different flow-topologies, is presented. While the quantities appear close to scale invariant in inertial range, a “bump” is observed at length scales between the inertial and viscous ranges.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044604] Published Wed Apr 11, 2018

Simulations of sheared dense noncolloidal suspensions: Evaluation of the role of long-range hydrodynamics

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Stany Gallier, François Peters, and Laurent Lobry

We find that the consequence of switching off long-range hydrodynamic interactions in simulations of concentrated suspension is that they can be switched off if considering the viscosity, but not if considering the diffusivity or particle velocities.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 042301(R)] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Unsteady sedimentation of a sphere in wormlike micellar fluids

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Yiran Zhang and Susan J. Muller

Flow transitions in the settling of a sphere in non-shear-banding wormlike micelle solutions are mapped. The onset of unsteady sedimentation correlates with an extensional Deborah number, while the velocity fluctuations are related to a shear Deborah number and an elastic Mach number.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 043301] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Response function of a moving contact line

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): H. Perrin, D. Belardinelli, M. Sbragaglia, and B. Andreotti

How does a liquid-vapor interface in contact with a plate in motion react to the presence of defects at smaller scales? The hydrodynamics of such a system is investigated theoretically, offering a tractable mathematical framework to explore contact line motion through a disordered energy landscape.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044001] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Solid-on-solid contact in a sphere-wall collision in a viscous fluid

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Sumit Kumar Birwa, G. Rajalakshmi, Rama Govindarajan, and Narayanan Menon

New experiments show that collisions between a sphere and a plane immersed in a viscous fluid involve direct mechanical contact, in contrast to expectations based on earlier theory. An electrical probe is used to monitor short-time mechanics of contact formation during the rebound of the sphere.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044302] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Numerical study of turbulent channel flow perturbed by spanwise topographic heterogeneity: Amplitude and frequency modulation within low- and high-momentum pathways

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Ankit Awasthi and William Anderson

The feedback between topographically driven turbulent secondary flows and modulation of small-scale amplitude and frequency is explored. Results demonstrate that modulation remains but differs intrinsically because of background secondary flows within the domain.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044602] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Impact of a small ellipticity on the sustainability condition of developed turbulence in a precessing spheroid

Mon, 04/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Yasufumi Horimoto, Gabriel Simonet-Davin, Atsushi Katayama, and Susumu Goto

An experimental investigation shows that the small ellipticity of a precessing spheroidal cavity has a significant impact on the flow transition from solid-body rotational flow to developed turbulence of a confined fluid. In contrast, the developed turbulence in the spheroid is almost identical to that in the sphere.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044603] Published Mon Apr 09, 2018

Turbulent thermal superstructures in Rayleigh-Bénard convection

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Richard J. A. M. Stevens, Alexander Blass, Xiaojue Zhu, Roberto Verzicco, and Detlef Lohse

Direct numerical simulations of highly turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection up to Rayleigh numbers Ra = 109 in horizontally periodic domains with aspect ratios up to Γ = 128, find superstructures of very large-scale and long living coherent structures.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 041501(R)] Published Fri Apr 06, 2018

Role of Marangoni stress during breakup of surfactant-covered liquid threads: Reduced rates of thinning and microthread cascades

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Pritish M. Kamat, Brayden W. Wagoner, Sumeet S. Thete, and Osman A. Basaran

Simulations and experiments resolve a long-standing controversy that the gradient of surface tension—Marangoni stress—rather than surface tension lowering is responsible for decelerated thinning rates and microthread cascades during breakup of surfactant-covered threads.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 043602] Published Fri Apr 06, 2018

Flapping instability of a liquid jet

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Antoine Delon, Alain Cartellier, and Jean-Philippe Matas

We evidence two regimes for the flapping instability of a liquid jet atomized by a gas stream: a first one where it is synchronized with an upstream shear instability, and a second one where frequency is independent of gas flow, simply controlled by the ratio of liquid velocity to liquid jet radius.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 043901] Published Fri Apr 06, 2018

Particle dynamics and pattern formation in a rotating suspension of positively buoyant particles

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Sudarshan Konidena, Jonghoon Lee, K. Anki Reddy, and Anugrah Singh

Buoyant particle suspension in a horizontal rotating cylinder is known to exhibit axially oscillating particle bands in the centrifugal force dominant phase. Numerical simulations using Stokeslets as the particles were performed to investigate the behavior.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044301] Published Fri Apr 06, 2018

Impact of dissipation on the energy spectrum of experimental turbulence of gravity surface waves

Fri, 04/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Antoine Campagne, Roumaissa Hassaini, Ivan Redor, Joël Sommeria, Thomas Valran, Samuel Viboud, and Nicolas Mordant

Experiments are performed in the Coriolis facility to investigate gravity surface wave turbulence. Results indicate that dissipation is responsible for the quantitative discrepancy between experimental and field measurement of the wave energy spectrum, which is systematically steeper in the lab.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044801] Published Fri Apr 06, 2018

Collective dissolution of microbubbles

Thu, 04/05/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Sébastien Michelin, Etienne Guérin, and Eric Lauga

Microscopic bubble dissolution is driven by the diffusion of gas within the surrounding liquid. Asymptotic analysis is used to characterize collective shielding effects in bubble lattices, the resulting bubble lifetime and dissolution dynamics.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 043601] Published Thu Apr 05, 2018

Eddy diffusivity of quasi-neutrally-buoyant inertial particles

Wed, 04/04/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Marco Martins Afonso, Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi, Sílvio M. A. Gama, and Andrea Mazzino

Inertial particles moving in a fluid flow are ubiquitous in nature. Despite their small size, they can actively influence Earth climate dynamics. A new perturbative strategy is proposed to obtain the sedimentation velocity and the effective diffusivity in the limit of neutrally buoyant particles.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044501] Published Wed Apr 04, 2018

Penetrative convection at high Rayleigh numbers

Tue, 04/03/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Srikanth Toppaladoddi and John S. Wettlaufer

Penetrative convection is essential in controlling the dynamics of many geophysical and astrophysical systems. Here, we explore how a nonlinear vertical density profile influences the penetrative convection into a stable stratification.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 043501] Published Tue Apr 03, 2018

Effect of texture randomization on the slip and interfacial robustness in turbulent flows over superhydrophobic surfaces

Mon, 04/02/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Jongmin Seo and Ali Mani

Drag reduction and interfacial robustness of turbulent flows over superhydrophobic surfaces with randomly distributed textures are investigated using direct numerical simulations. Slip length, pressure fluctuations, and interface deformations are analyzed and compared against aligned textures.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 044601] Published Mon Apr 02, 2018

Actuated rheology of magnetic micro-swimmers suspensions: Emergence of motor and brake states

Fri, 03/30/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Benoit Vincenti, Carine Douarche, and Eric Clement

We develop a model of elliptical micro-swimmers with a magnetic dipole under shear flow in a dilute suspension subject to a constant magnetic field. We find at finite shear rates transitions to either a motor state in which energy can be extracted or a brake state with high resistance to shear.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 033302] Published Fri Mar 30, 2018

Effect of a surface tension gradient on the slip flow along a superhydrophobic air-water interface

Fri, 03/30/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Dong Song, Baowei Song, Haibao Hu, Xiaosong Du, Peng Du, Chang-Hwan Choi, and Jonathan P. Rothstein

The presence of a surface tension gradient is demonstrated at the air-water interface supported above a millimeter-sized discontinuous groove. It reduces the slip velocity and in some cases results in an interfacial velocity that is opposite to the main flow direction.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 033303] Published Fri Mar 30, 2018

Structure of wall-bounded flows at transcritical conditions

Fri, 03/30/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Peter C. Ma, Xiang I. A. Yang, and Matthias Ihme

Direct numerical simulations of channel flow at transcritical conditions with density change in the flow field are conducted. We find a regime with useful semi-local scaling as well as streamwise velocity and energy spectrum scaling which support the attached eddy model at transcritical conditions.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 034609] Published Fri Mar 30, 2018

Buoyant miscible displacement flows in a nonuniform Hele-Shaw cell

Thu, 03/29/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): E. Walling, R. Mollaabbasi, and S. M. Taghavi

By modifying the geometry of a vertical Hele-Shaw cell—making it either converging or diverging—experimental and theoretical investigation shows that it is possible to control the stability of miscible buoyancy driven flows. This includes the promotion/inhibition of viscous fingering.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 034003] Published Thu Mar 29, 2018