Physical Review Fluids

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Recent articles in Physical Review Fluids
Updated: 1 day 13 hours ago

Droplet fragmentation using a mesh

Tue, 08/28/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Dan Soto, Henri-Louis Girard, Antoine Le Helloco, Thomas Binder, David Quéré, and Kripa K. Varanasi

Factors governing atomization of droplets impacting a mesh, starting with the elementary unit of a single hole, are investigated. It is shown how this process can be used to generate finely controlled sprays with micrometric droplet sizes and low kinetic energy, as is critical for agricultural applications.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083602] Published Tue Aug 28, 2018

Wetting over pre-existing liquid films

Tue, 08/28/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Hannu Teisala, Clarissa Schönecker, Anke Kaltbeitzel, Werner Steffen, Hans-Jürgen Butt, and Doris Vollmer

Wetting over liquid films governs important phenomena but is poorly understood. A water front moving over a micrometer-thick film of silicone oil on a solid surface is imaged. Capillary suction in the meniscus induces thinning of the oil film and a wavelike film profile with local backflows.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084002] Published Tue Aug 28, 2018

Fragmentation of magnetic particle aggregates in turbulence

Fri, 08/24/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): H. M. De La Rosa Zambrano, G. Verhille, and P. Le Gal

Aggregation and fragmentation are frequently observed in industrial and natural systems. In an experimental study, an initially large aggregate of magnetic particles is broken by the turbulent fluctuations of a flow. The size of the resulting clusters is measured using three-dimensional reconstruction.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084605] Published Fri Aug 24, 2018

Slippage effect on the dispersion coefficient of a passive solute in a pulsatile electro-osmotic flow in a microcapillary

Thu, 08/23/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): J. Muñoz, J. Arcos, O. Bautista, and F. Méndez

The dispersion coefficient of a passive solute into a pulsatile electroosmotic flow with slippage at the microcapillary wall is derived. We found that the slip condition can enhance the dispersion coefficient by up to two orders of magnitude over the no-slip condition.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084503] Published Thu Aug 23, 2018

Publisher's Note: Hot particles attract in a cold bath [Phys. Rev. Fluids 2, 043103 (2017)]

Thu, 08/23/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Hidenori Tanaka, Alpha A. Lee, and Michael P. Brenner

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 089901] Published Thu Aug 23, 2018

Effects of a nonadiabatic wall on supersonic shock/boundary-layer interactions

Wed, 08/22/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Pedro S. Volpiani, Matteo Bernardini, and Johan Larsson

The effects of wall thermal conditions on the canonical case of an impinging shock wave interacting with a turbulent boundary layer is an under-explored topic. Direct numerical simulations are used to study the flow properties of supersonic shock/boundary-layer interactions with distinct wall thermal conditions and shock angles.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083401] Published Wed Aug 22, 2018

Accelerated evolution of convective simulations

Tue, 08/21/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Evan H. Anders, Benjamin P. Brown, and Jeffrey S. Oishi

A mechanism for rapidly achieving thermal relaxation in high-Pe convective simulations is studied in the context of Rayleigh-Bénard convection. It achieves statistically similar states to standard timestepping and saves up to an order of magnitude in computational time for the problems studied.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083502] Published Tue Aug 21, 2018

Extremes of the pinch-off location and time in a liquid column by an accelerating solid sphere

Tue, 08/21/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Seong Jin Kim, Seungho Kim, and Sunghwan Jung

When a dog accelerates its tongue to lap water, a water column is created and pinches off close to the tongue. Physical experiments and a theoretical model of accelerating a solid sphere from a liquid bath elucidate the mechanism of the liquid-column formation and pinch-off.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084001] Published Tue Aug 21, 2018

Reduced mixing time in stirred vessels by means of irregular impellers

Tue, 08/21/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): S. Başbuğ, G. Papadakis, and J. C. Vassilicos

Fractal impellers can lead to a considerably shorter mixing time compared to regular impellers. This is explained by the differences in characteristics of flow and scalar fields. Moreover, a mathematical model is proposed which can approximate the decay rate of the passive scalar fluctuations.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084502] Published Tue Aug 21, 2018

Bypass transition mechanism in a rough wall channel flow

Tue, 08/21/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Nisat Nowroz Anika, Lyazid Djenidi, and Sedat Tardu

Implementation of a bypass laminar-to-turbulent transition is explored. We show that our method, by bypassing linear exponential growth, can induce high mixing capacity localized turbulence in a laminar channel flow at low Re. An on-demand mixing enhancement in laminar channel flow is proposed.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084604] Published Tue Aug 21, 2018

Liquid pumping induced by transverse forced vibrations of an elastic beam: A lubrication approach

Mon, 08/20/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Rodica Borcia, Michael Bestehorn, Sebastian Uhlig, Matthieu Gaudet, and Harald Schenk

An original mathematical tool suitable for describing fluid dynamics in micropumps induced by transverse forced vibrations of an elastic beam is presented. The model could also be used in designing engineering software for micromachinery applications.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084202] Published Mon Aug 20, 2018

Reciprocal theorem for the prediction of the normal force induced on a particle translating parallel to an elastic membrane

Fri, 08/17/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Abdallah Daddi-Moussa-Ider, Bhargav Rallabandi, Stephan Gekle, and Howard A. Stone

A solid sphere translating tangent to an elastic membrane is subject to a lift force perpendicular to its direction of motion. This effect is attributed to an elastohydrodynamic coupling that arises from the breaking of flow reversal symmetry induced by elastic deformation.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084101] Published Fri Aug 17, 2018

Subthreshold laser jetting via flow-focusing in laser-induced forward transfer

Wed, 08/15/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Emre Turkoz, SeungYeon Kang, Luc Deike, and Craig B. Arnold

The process of blister-actuated laser-induced forward transfer (BA-LIFT) results in focused jets which are thinner and faster than regular jets.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082201(R)] Published Wed Aug 15, 2018

Observation of a link between energy dissipation rate and oscillation frequency of the large-scale circulation in dry and moist Rayleigh-Bénard turbulence

Wed, 08/15/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Dennis Niedermeier, Kelken Chang, Will Cantrell, Kamal Kant Chandrakar, David Ciochetto, and Raymond A. Shaw

An investigation of both the large- and small-scale flow properties of moist and cloudy, turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection suggests that the large scale circulation is insensitive to phase composition/interfacial physics; rather, it depends only on the strength of the turbulence.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083501] Published Wed Aug 15, 2018

Dynamics of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic ellipsoidal particles in shear flow under a uniform magnetic field

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Christopher A. Sobecki, Jie Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, and Cheng Wang

We theoretically and numerically study the effects of a uniform magnetic field on the dynamics of ellipsoidal ferromagnetic and paramagnetic particles in a simple shear flow at low Reynolds number. With numerical simulations we further illustrate their lateral migration in wall-bounded shear flows.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084201] Published Tue Aug 14, 2018

Micromechanics of intruder motion in wet granular medium

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Rausan Jewel, Andreea Panaitescu, and Arshad Kudrolli

The drag experienced by a spherical intruder settling through a medium composed of transparent granular hydrogels and water is measured as a function of its speed and depth. Internal visualization of the medium shows its flow to be localized around the advancing intruder.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084303] Published Tue Aug 14, 2018

Bubble collapse and jet formation in corner geometries

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Yoshiyuki Tagawa and Ivo R. Peters

The collapse of a vapor bubble in a corner generates a jet whose direction depends on the corner opening angle and bubble position. Experimental data is found to agree well with a potential flow model that gives analytical solutions for a family of corner opening angles.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 081601(R)] Published Mon Aug 13, 2018

Probing the strain-rotation balance in non-Newtonian turbulence with inertial particles

Thu, 08/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Michael Sinhuber, Joseph G. Ballouz, and Nicholas T. Ouellette

Experimental observations of the pair correlation function of small inertial particles in a turbulent flow of dilute polymer solutions shows that particle clustering increases with the concentration of polymers, possibly reflecting a reduction of vorticity relative to straining.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082602(R)] Published Thu Aug 09, 2018

Energy spectrum in the dissipation range

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Sualeh Khurshid, Diego A. Donzis, and K. R. Sreenivasan

Numerical simulations of isotropic turbulence find that the energy spectrum in the dissipation range cannot be described by a single exponential for Rλ>20, and that this effect is associated with intermittent energy transfer.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082601(R)] Published Wed Aug 08, 2018

Pore-scale modeling of phase change in porous media

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Luis Cueto-Felgueroso, Xiaojing Fu, and Ruben Juanes

Liquid-vapor phase change is simulated in a porous medium, using a diffuse-interface model and the van der Waals equation of state. The role of wettability and pore space geometry on phase separation and on the propagation of evaporation fronts is investigated.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084302] Published Wed Aug 08, 2018