Physical Review Fluids

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Recent articles in Physical Review Fluids
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Reciprocal theorem for the prediction of the normal force induced on a particle translating parallel to an elastic membrane

Fri, 08/17/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Abdallah Daddi-Moussa-Ider, Bhargav Rallabandi, Stephan Gekle, and Howard A. Stone

A solid sphere translating tangent to an elastic membrane is subject to a lift force perpendicular to its direction of motion. This effect is attributed to an elastohydrodynamic coupling that arises from the breaking of flow reversal symmetry induced by elastic deformation.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084101] Published Fri Aug 17, 2018

Subthreshold laser jetting via flow-focusing in laser-induced forward transfer

Wed, 08/15/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Emre Turkoz, SeungYeon Kang, Luc Deike, and Craig B. Arnold

The process of blister-actuated laser-induced forward transfer (BA-LIFT) results in focused jets which are thinner and faster than regular jets.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082201(R)] Published Wed Aug 15, 2018

Observation of a link between energy dissipation rate and oscillation frequency of the large-scale circulation in dry and moist Rayleigh-Bénard turbulence

Wed, 08/15/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Dennis Niedermeier, Kelken Chang, Will Cantrell, Kamal Kant Chandrakar, David Ciochetto, and Raymond A. Shaw

An investigation of both the large- and small-scale flow properties of moist and cloudy, turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection suggests that the large scale circulation is insensitive to phase composition/interfacial physics; rather, it depends only on the strength of the turbulence.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083501] Published Wed Aug 15, 2018

Dynamics of paramagnetic and ferromagnetic ellipsoidal particles in shear flow under a uniform magnetic field

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Christopher A. Sobecki, Jie Zhang, Yanzhi Zhang, and Cheng Wang

We theoretically and numerically study the effects of a uniform magnetic field on the dynamics of ellipsoidal ferromagnetic and paramagnetic particles in a simple shear flow at low Reynolds number. With numerical simulations we further illustrate their lateral migration in wall-bounded shear flows.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084201] Published Tue Aug 14, 2018

Micromechanics of intruder motion in wet granular medium

Tue, 08/14/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Rausan Jewel, Andreea Panaitescu, and Arshad Kudrolli

The drag experienced by a spherical intruder settling through a medium composed of transparent granular hydrogels and water is measured as a function of its speed and depth. Internal visualization of the medium shows its flow to be localized around the advancing intruder.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084303] Published Tue Aug 14, 2018

Bubble collapse and jet formation in corner geometries

Mon, 08/13/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Yoshiyuki Tagawa and Ivo R. Peters

The collapse of a vapor bubble in a corner generates a jet whose direction depends on the corner opening angle and bubble position. Experimental data is found to agree well with a potential flow model that gives analytical solutions for a family of corner opening angles.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 081601(R)] Published Mon Aug 13, 2018

Probing the strain-rotation balance in non-Newtonian turbulence with inertial particles

Thu, 08/09/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Michael Sinhuber, Joseph G. Ballouz, and Nicholas T. Ouellette

Experimental observations of the pair correlation function of small inertial particles in a turbulent flow of dilute polymer solutions shows that particle clustering increases with the concentration of polymers, possibly reflecting a reduction of vorticity relative to straining.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082602(R)] Published Thu Aug 09, 2018

Energy spectrum in the dissipation range

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Sualeh Khurshid, Diego A. Donzis, and K. R. Sreenivasan

Numerical simulations of isotropic turbulence find that the energy spectrum in the dissipation range cannot be described by a single exponential for Rλ>20, and that this effect is associated with intermittent energy transfer.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 082601(R)] Published Wed Aug 08, 2018

Pore-scale modeling of phase change in porous media

Wed, 08/08/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Luis Cueto-Felgueroso, Xiaojing Fu, and Ruben Juanes

Liquid-vapor phase change is simulated in a porous medium, using a diffuse-interface model and the van der Waals equation of state. The role of wettability and pore space geometry on phase separation and on the propagation of evaporation fronts is investigated.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084302] Published Wed Aug 08, 2018

Edge effect: Liquid sheet and droplets formed by drop impact close to an edge

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): S. Lejeune, T. Gilet, and L. Bourouiba

Liquid sheet fragmentation is ubiquitous in nature and may shape phenomena such as the rain-induced propagation of foliar diseases. An experimental study investigates the formation and fragmentation of an asymmetric liquid sheet upon impact of a drop close to the edge of a solid substrate.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083601] Published Tue Aug 07, 2018

Evolution of anisotropy in direct numerical simulations of MHD turbulence in a strong magnetic field on elongated periodic domains

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): X. M. Zhai and P. K. Yeung

Time development (from top to bottom) of vortical structures (in red) in background of low vorticity (blue) in planar cross-sections of turbulence subjected to magnetic field on an elongated domain of aspect ratio 8, at 16384×20482 grid resolution.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084602] Published Tue Aug 07, 2018

Intense structures of different momentum fluxes in turbulent channels

Tue, 08/07/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Kosuke Osawa and Javier Jiménez

The effects of the ambiguity in the definition of the Reynolds stresses to the coherent structures in wall turbulence are studied. It is confirmed that sweeps, ejections, and rollers are robust features of the flow.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084603] Published Tue Aug 07, 2018

Rivulet flow of generalized Newtonian fluids

Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): F. H. H. Al Mukahal, B. R. Duffy, and S. K. Wilson

The general parametric solution for the steady unidirectional flow of a thin rivulet of a generalized Newtonian fluid is obtained and illustrated for Carreau and Ellis fluids. In particular, the solution is used to describe the behavior of a rivulet of a strongly shear-thinning Ellis fluid.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083302] Published Mon Aug 06, 2018

Turbulent magnetohydrodynamic flow in a square duct: Comparison of zero and finite magnetic Reynolds number cases

Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Vinodh Bandaru, Thomas Boeck, and Jörg Schumacher

The effect of finite magnetic Reynolds numbers (Rm∼102) on MHD flow in a square duct was studied using direct numerical simulations. The structure of the secondary mean flow is modified significantly and the streamwise anisotropy is strongly enhanced away from the boundary layers.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083701] Published Mon Aug 06, 2018

Numerical study of the effects of chemical dispersant on oil transport from an idealized underwater blowout

Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Bicheng Chen, Di Yang, Charles Meneveau, and Marcelo Chamecki

To investigate how chemical dispersant impacts the transport of oil slicks such as the one from the Deepwater Horizon, a multiscale large-eddy simulation approach is used to show that the breakup of the oil slick into small droplets changes the mean transport direction and horizontal spread of the oil plume.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083801] Published Mon Aug 06, 2018

Smart inertial particles

Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Simona Colabrese, Kristian Gustavsson, Antonio Celani, and Luca Biferale

A reinforcement learning algorithm is applied to find quasi-optimal policies for buoyancy control of inertial probes/particles in order to avoid trapping and to reach specific regions when navigating in complex two- and three-dimensional flows.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084301] Published Mon Aug 06, 2018

Scale locality of the energy cascade using real space quantities

Mon, 08/06/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): N. A. K. Doan, N. Swaminathan, P. A. Davidson, and M. Tanahashi

Scale locality of the energy cascade is demonstrated using direct numerical simulations data of homogeneous isotropic turbulence with Taylor microscale Reynolds numbers ranging from 37 to 1131. The range of influential scales for this scale locality is found to be independent of Reynolds number.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084601] Published Mon Aug 06, 2018

Diffusion of self-propelled particles in complex media

Thu, 08/02/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Juan L. Aragones, Shahrzad Yazdi, and Alfredo Alexander-Katz

An investigation of the behavior of self-propelled particles in complex media finds a transition from thermal diffusion to collision-driven diffusion as the particle area fraction is increased. Collisions with passive particles increases the rotational diffusion of the self-propelled particles, leading to their “self-trapping.”

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 083301] Published Thu Aug 02, 2018

Angular multiscale statistics of turbulence in a porous bed

Thu, 08/02/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Xiaoliang He, Sourabh Apte, Kai Schneider, and Benjamin Kadoch

The physics of turbulent flow in porous media is explored in the Lagrangian frame. The evolution of curvature angles along the fluid trajectories reveals the multiscale nature of turbulence. The asymptotic value of the curvature angle quantifies the effect of geometric confinement on turbulence.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 084501] Published Thu Aug 02, 2018

Mixing mechanism in a two-dimensional bubble column

Tue, 07/31/2018 - 11:00

Author(s): Elise Alméras, Frédéric Risso, Véronique Roig, Cécile Plais, and Frédéric Augier

A large-scale model for transport by secondary open wakes is proposed to describe the spatiotemporal evolution of the concentration field in a homogeneous bidimensional bubble swarm rising at high Reynolds number.

[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 074307] Published Tue Jul 31, 2018