Latest papers in fluid mechanics
Author(s): Kai Sun, Peng Zhang, Zhizhao Che, and Tianyou Wang
Numerical simulations show that the coalescence of a droplet on a liquid-air interface of lower surface tension manifests the nonmonotonic phenomena of emergence, disappearance, and re-emergence of “partial coalescence” with increasing surface-tension difference.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 023602] Published Thu Feb 08, 2018
Direct numerical simulation of a compressible boundary-layer flow past an isolated three-dimensional hump in a high-speed subsonic regime
Author(s): D. De Grazia, D. Moxey, S. J. Sherwin, M. A. Kravtsova, and A. I. Ruban
The boundary-layer separation produced by a small hump in a high-speed subsonic regime typical of civil aviation is studied. Different heights of the hump are considered, with the larger resulting in a fully nonlinear regime and the formation of a pair of streamwise counterrotating vortices.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024101] Published Thu Feb 08, 2018
Author(s): Alvaro Marin, Henri Lhuissier, Massimiliano Rossi, and Christian J. Kähler
The flow of a charged-stabilized suspension through a single constricted channel is studied experimentally by tracking the particles individually. Surprisingly, the behavior is found to be qualitatively similar to that of inertial dry granular systems: For small values of the neck-to-particle size r...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 021102(R)] Published Wed Feb 07, 2018
Author(s): Alice Nasto, P.-T. Brun, and A. E. Hosoi
Inspired by nectar-drinking bats, an experimental and theoretical study investigates viscous entrainment in hairy textures. The trapped liquid is modeled using a Darcy-Brinkmann-like approach and the drainage flow solution is derived. The results reveal an optimal hair density to maximize fluid uptake.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024002] Published Wed Feb 07, 2018
Author(s): Fan Yang, Owen Cruikshank, Weilue He, Alex Kostinski, and Raymond A. Shaw
Ice nucleation is the crucial step for ice formation in atmospheric clouds and therefore underlies climatologically relevant precipitation and radiative properties. Progress has been made in understanding the roles of temperature, supersaturation, and material properties, but an explanation for the ...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 023103] Published Tue Feb 06, 2018
Author(s): Alexandros A. Fragkopoulos, Ekapop Pairam, Luka Marinkovic, and Alberto Fernández-Nieves
We use toroidal droplets to study the breakup dynamics of a Newtonian liquid jet in the presence of rheologically nonlinear materials. We find that the droplets resist breakup for times that are longer than those in the presence of Newtonian liquids. More importantly, we show that our experiments ca...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 021101(R)] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018
Author(s): Mohd Suhail Rizvi, Alexander Farutin, and Chaouqi Misbah
The self-propelled microswimmers have recently attracted considerable attention as model systems for biological cell migration as well as artificial micromachines. A simple and well-studied microswimmer model consists of three identical spherical beads joined by two springs in a linear fashion with ...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 023102] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018
Author(s): Yuri A. Pishchalnikov
It has been suggested that bubble-wall velocities cannot exceed the sound speed in the liquid at the bubble wall [K. Yasui, Phys. Rev. E 64, 016310 (2001).]. Here we show that this upper bound was derived omitting the partial derivatives with respect to time, i.e., assuming that the flow was in the ...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 027101] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018
Author(s): Sabrina Meninno, Aronne Armanini, and Michele Larcher
Vertical and transversal structures clearly change as interparticle interactions become more collisional. Bottom and lateral confinement prove to be decisive for friction and energy dissipation as experimental evidence shows.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024301] Published Mon Feb 05, 2018
Author(s): Muhammad Rizwanur Rahman and Prashant R. Waghmare
When droplets roll down inclines, their velocities are affected by their characteristic size. Larger droplets will travel faster unless they’re too big. Droplets larger than a “critical” size travel more slowly. An investigation shows that this critical size is determined by the viscosity of the surrounding medium.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 023601] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018
Experimental study of the flow in the wake of a stationary sphere immersed in a turbulent boundary layer
Author(s): René van Hout, Jerke Eisma, Gerrit E. Elsinga, and Jerry Westerweel
3D flow measurements in the wake of a sphere positioned close to the wall in a turbulent boundary layer indicate that the wake deflects away from the wall as a result of induced motion of preferentially aligned, shed “hairpin” vortices. This is increasingly so with decreasing sphere-wall gap.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024601] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018
Publisher's Note: Turbulence intermittency in a multiple-time-scale Navier-Stokes-based reduced model [Phys. Rev. Fluids <b>2</b>, 072601(R) (2017)]
Author(s): Perry L. Johnson and Charles Meneveau
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 029901] Published Fri Feb 02, 2018
Author(s): Amy Buchmann, Lisa J. Fauci, Karin Leiderman, Eva Strawbridge, and Longhua Zhao
Here, we study the fluid dynamics of a pair of rigid helices rotating at a constant velocity, tethered at their bases, in a viscous fluid. Our computations use a regularized Stokeslet framework, both with and without a bounding plane, so we are able to discern precisely what flow features are unacco...
[Phys. Rev. E 97, 023101] Published Thu Feb 01, 2018
Author(s): Hangjie Ji and Thomas P. Witelski
Volatile viscous fluids on partially-wetting solid substrates can exhibit interesting dynamics and interfacial instabilities. A study of vapor condensation and fluid evaporation in a one-sided lubrication model incorporating surface tension, intermolecular effects, and evaporative fluxes is presented.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 024001] Published Thu Feb 01, 2018
Author(s): John Kim and Gary Leal
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 010003] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018
Author(s): S. Sid, V. E. Terrapon, and Y. Dubief
Direct numerical simulations of a FENE-P fluid in both two- and three-dimensional straight periodic channels find that elasto-inertial turbulence is fundementally two-dimensional. The spurious effect of artificial diffusion of the polymer is demonstrated.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 011301(R)] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018
Author(s): J. J. Tao, Bruno Eckhardt, and X. M. Xiong
Numerical simulations of plane-Poiseuille flow find a state of sparse but persistent oblique turbulent bands in a Reynolds number range between about 660 and 800, which is below the anticipated directed percolation transition.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 011902(R)] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018
Author(s): Juncal Arbelaiz, Anand U. Oza, and John W. M. Bush
An integrated experimental and theoretical investigation of the promenade mode, a bound state formed by a pair of droplets walking side by side on the surface of a vibrating fluid bath, highlights the role of bouncing phase adaptation in stabilizing the promenade mode.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 013604] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018
Author(s): I. Paul, G. Papadakis, and J. C. Vassilicos
Passive scalar fine-scale structure is studied numerically for heated grid-element scalar turbulence. Scalar variance decays earlier in space than turbulent kinetic energy (both with dissipation). A −5/3 slope in the scalar-variance spectrum is found beyond the Kolmogorov-Obukhov-Corrsin theory.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 014612] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018
Publisher's Note: Deflection and trapping of a counter-rotating vortex pair by a flat plate [Phys. Rev. Fluids <b>2</b>, 124702 (2017)]
Author(s): Monika Nitsche
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 019902] Published Wed Jan 31, 2018