Latest papers in fluid mechanics
Author(s): Andrea Gruber, Edward S. Richardson, Konduri Aditya, and Jacqueline H. Chen
Flashback is a key operational and safety issue for modern low-emission burners. With direct numerical simulations we study upstream flame movement through the turbulent flow within a channel and address the marked change in flashback behavior when the fuel and oxidant mixture is not homogeneous.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 110507] Published Wed Nov 21, 2018
Author(s): Jeffrey F. Morris
A scenario in which shear thickening results from a transition of interactions between suspended particles from lubricated to frictional (LF) with increasing stress is described, with a presentation of primary results and a perspective on outstanding questions which are raised by the LF mechanism.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 110508] Published Wed Nov 21, 2018
Author(s): Matthew P. Juniper
The power density in a rocket engine is 50 GW/m3. If flame oscillations lock into the acoustic modes of the chamber, the resultant noise can blow up the engine. This paper explains pedagogically, with example code, how best to use adjoint methods to passively control this thermoacoustic instability.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 110509] Published Wed Nov 21, 2018
Visualization study of thermal counterflow of superfluid helium in the proximity of the heat source by using solid deuterium hydride particles
Author(s): P. Švančara, P. Hrubcová, M. Rotter, and M. La Mantia
An experimental investigation of steady-state thermal counterflow of superfluid 4He indicates that, in the range of investigated parameters, interactions between flow-probing particles and tangles of quantized vortices are appreciably influenced not only by the tangle geometry but also by the particle inertia.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114701] Published Wed Nov 21, 2018
Author(s): Giulio Ghirardo and Mirko R. Bothien
An investigation of fluctuations occurring in rotationally symmetric systems draws a link between these fluctuations and light polarization, two-state quantum systems, and quaternion numbers. An ansatz is proposed to study this class of problems and is applied it to azimuthal acoustic instabilities in an annular combustion chamber.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113202] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): J. J. J. Gillissen and H. J. Wilson
A theoretical study shows that adding disk-shaped particles to the fluid between counter-rotating cylinders reduces the onset-speed for secondary flow.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113903] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): Byunghang Ha (하병항), Daniel P. DePonte, and Juan G. Santiago
A design for and experimental study of microfluidic nozzles that generate thin liquid sheet jets is presented. A parametric study is conducted by varying nozzle geometry, flow rate, and fluid type, and scaling theories to scale and predict jet sheet thickness, width, and length are proposed.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114202] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): Anupam Gupta, Pascale Magaud, Christine Lafforgue, and Micheline Abbas
If flow inertia is finite at the particle scale in a channel, particles align parallel to the flow streamlines, forming stable trainlike structures near the walls at low concentration. A numerical investigation finds that hydrodynamic interactions prohibit train formation at lengths exceeding the channel height.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114302] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): Markus Klein and Massimo Germano
An exact relation between the Reynolds stress and the resolved stress of filtered data is derived and tested in order to quantify the interference effect between mean and subfilter scales. Besides the well-known resolved and subfilter stresses, two additional terms appear in the decomposition.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114606] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): Scott Wunsch
Climate change in the Arctic Ocean will subject its thermohaline staircases to increased internal wave activity. An exploration of the nonlinear conversion of incident waves to trapped staircase waves identifies wave number and frequency bands where energy transfer may be significant.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114803] Published Tue Nov 20, 2018
Author(s): Jin-Tae Kim, Shikun Shen, Steven L. DiMarco, Yaqing Jin, and Leonardo P. Chamorro
Lagrangian dynamics of turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection is studied experimentally with 3D particle tracking velocimetry at various aspect ratios G. Insight on the pair dispersion, conditional acceleration probability density functions, and roll dynamics induced by G was found from nearly 3.5×107 events.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113502] Published Mon Nov 19, 2018
Author(s): Eric M. Benner and Dimiter N. Petsev
We present the equations for wicking in two- and three-dimensional porous media when liquid is evaporating through the wet front using the Green–Ampt saturated capillary flow model in polar and spherical geometries. The time-dependent behavior of two-dimensional wicking influenced by front interface...
[Phys. Rev. E 98, 053104] Published Fri Nov 16, 2018
Author(s): Giuseppe Di Labbio, Jérôme Vétel, and Lyes Kadem
An investigation of a leaking aortic valve finds that it prompts double-jet filling in the compliant left ventricle of the heart, inducing complex and inefficient blood transport. This gives rise to increased blood residence time and the emergence of attracting material lines, presenting favorable conditions for thrombus formation.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113101] Published Fri Nov 16, 2018
Characterization of superimposed instabilities in the planar extensional flow of viscoelastic fluids
Author(s): F. A. Cruz and M. A. Alves
Cross-slot devices are routinely used to study the extension of high molecular weight polymer molecules and DNA in solution. We simulate the extensional flow of Boger fluids in an optimised cross-slot rheometer and investigate various emerging time-dependent instabilities.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113301] Published Fri Nov 16, 2018
Author(s): S. Sukoriansky, E. Kit, E. Zemach, S. Midya, and H. J. S. Fernando
A velocity derivative skewness akin to inertial-scale motions of turbulence is introduced and studied analytically, numerically, and experimentally. As an alternative to a conventional fine-scale parameter, it has an advantage in measurability while retaining a connection to vorticity dynamics.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114605] Published Fri Nov 16, 2018
Author(s): Christiane Schneide, Ambrish Pandey, Kathrin Padberg-Gehle, and Jörg Schumacher
Large-scale patterns in three-dimensional turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a large-aspect-ratio cell are probed by the clustering of Lagrangian particle trajectories.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113501] Published Thu Nov 15, 2018
Author(s): Nima Mirzaeian and Kamran Alba
Intrusion of a particle-laden mixture into a pure fluid is studied experimentally within a duct. Applications are found in the discharge of slurries, mine tailings, pastes, sludge, effluents, and sewage. Exotic sedimentary, transitionary, and mixing regimes are found over various inclination angles.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114301] Published Thu Nov 15, 2018
Author(s): A. Cazaubiel, G. Michel, S. Lepot, B. Semin, S. Aumaître, M. Berhanu, F. Bonnefoy, and E. Falcon
An experimental study reveals a new statistical regime for 1D propagation of deep-water gravity waves where coherent structures (solitons, extreme events) coexist with random waves. Such a state is predicted theoretically by integrable turbulence but thus far had not been observed in this context.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 114802] Published Tue Nov 13, 2018
Particle velocity distributions and velocity fluctuations of non-Brownian settling particles by particle-resolved direct numerical simulation
Author(s): Ali Abbas Zaidi
Settling dynamics of non-Brownian particles is investigated using particle-resolved direct numerical simulations. There are two aims of this paper: first is to study the variation of particle velocity fluctuations with solid volume for a wide range of settling Reynolds number; second is to investiga...
[Phys. Rev. E 98, 053103] Published Fri Nov 09, 2018
Stability of the Blasius boundary layer over a heated plate in a temperature-dependent viscosity flow
Author(s): R. Miller, S. J. Garrett, P. T. Griffiths, and Z. Hussain
A stability analysis of the Blasius boundary layer formed by a fluid with a temperature-dependent viscosity is examined. The results inform whether hydrodynamically unstable flows may exist inside chemical vapor deposition reactors (CVD) and how a comprehensive CVD stability model can be developed.
[Phys. Rev. Fluids 3, 113902] Published Fri Nov 09, 2018